Common Conditions: Other Conditions

December 2013

Ligament Injuries

by ljacob  |   in Common Conditions, Other Conditions

A ligament is a band of tissue connecting bone to bone. These structures are capable of being stretched, torn, or ruptured. This results in pain, swelling, and instability. The goals of treatment are to repair the torn ligament. Depending on the severity of the injury, your doctor may recommend surgery.

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December 2013

Osteoarthritis

by ljacob  |   in Common Conditions, Other Conditions

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. About 27 million people in America have osteoarthritis. It is a disease affecting the cartilage that cushions the joints, causing break down. This results in bones rubbing against each other, causing stiffness, pain, and loss of movement. The cause is not fully understood. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but there are medications to help relieve the pain. If the pain is unbearable, your doctor may recommend surgery.

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December 2013

Rheumatoid Arthritis

by ljacob  |   in Common Conditions, Other Conditions

Rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, is an inflammatory arthritis and an autoimmune disease. For reasons unbeknownst to us, in rheumatoid arthritis, our immune system – which is designed to protect our health by attacking foreign cells such as viruses and bacteria – instead attacks our healthy cells and tissue, specifically the thin membrane that lines the joints called synovium. This results in a build up of fluid in the joints, causing pain and inflammation that occurs throughout the body.

Some people have flares – bouts of intense pain and others have long periods of remission – no disease activity or symptoms at all. Symptoms may include joint warmth, decreased range of motion, inflammation, swelling, and pain in the areas around the affected joints. The condition is symmetrical, which means that if one joint is affected on one side of the body, the corresponding joint is affected on the other side. It is a chronic disease, which means it cannot be cured. Treatment goals are aimed at decreasing inflammation, relieving pain, and improving quality of life.

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